Katz, a gastroenterologist at University Hospitals Case Medical Center et al has
reviewed probiotics research. There is strong evidence supporting the use of
certain probiotic strains to help reduce the duration of infectious diarrhea,
diarrhea associated with the use of antibiotics, and may help treat an
infection called bacterial vaginosis in women.
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG
(Trade name LGG) Products: Culturelle (Amerifit), Danimals (Dannon)
shown it to be effective at reducing the duration of infectious diarrhea
in children, as well as reducing the duration of antibiotic-associated
diarrhea. See Culturelle
Saccharomyces cerevisiae var.
shown positive results in helping prevent and reduce the duration of
antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and helps treat acute diarrhea in
children. When used along with an antibiotic, it also has helped reduce
recurrence of infection with the hospital associated bug C. difficile in
patients who had been repeatedly infected.
Bifidobacterium infantis (Trade
shown that this strain is good for
people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which causes
irregularity, gas, bloating and abdominal pain. Both studies compared the
strain to placebo and found an improvement in symptoms.
Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14 and
L. reuteri ATCC55730 (Trade name Protectis)
RC-14 in combination with another probiotic, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1,
has been shown to improve recovery from bacterial vaginosis when combined
with antibiotics. L. reuteri "Protectis" has been shown to help
with symptoms of infectious diarrhea and may improve treatment outcomes
for children receiving antibiotic therapy for the bacteria that causes
Creative Problem Solving Enhanced by REM Sleep
The study by
Sara Mednick, PhD, assistant professor of psychiatry at UC San Diego and the VA
San Diego Healthcare System, and first author Denise Cai, graduate student in
the UC San Diego Department of Psychology, shows that REM directly enhances
creative processing more than any other sleep or wake state.
found that - for creative problems that you've already been working on - the
passage of time is enough to find solutions," said Mednick. "However,
for new problems, only REM sleep enhances creativity."
added that it appears REM sleep helps achieve such solutions by stimulating
associative networks, allowing the brain to make new and useful associations
between unrelated ideas. Importantly, the study showed that these improvements
are not due to selective memory enhancements.
issue in sleep and cognition is whether improvements in behavioral performance
are the result of sleep-specific enhancement or simply reduction of
interference. The researchers controlled for such interference effects by
comparing sleep periods to quiet rest periods without any verbal input.
PillCam Capsules Examines the GI Tract
Zarlink's PillCamSB video capsules is now used for wireless
examination of the gastrointestinal tract. The ultra-low power RF chip transmits two
images per second - more than 50,000 pictures over an eight-hour period - from
the PillCam to an external data recorder as the vitamin-sized capsule passes
naturally through the patient's small bowel. Physicians can visually examine the entire length of the
small bowel to diagnose disorders such as obscure gastrointestinal bleeding
(OGIB), Crohn's disease, celiac disease, tumors and a range of other small
SB video capsule measures 11 mm x 26 mm and weighs less than four grams. It
contains an imaging device, light source and Zarlink's RF transmitter chip. The
video capsules require no sedation and allow the patient to carry on with
normal daily activities. Prior to PillCam capsule endoscopy, exploratory
surgery was the only available method for visualizing the entire small
keep you thin, protect your vision, and may even prevent cancer.
reports the following benefits of avocado consumption:
Protect your vision with a few slices of avocado at lunch or dinner.
Avocados are rich in lutein and zeaxanthin, antioxidants found in the
retina that keep eyes healthy; they also may help prevent age-related
problems, like cataracts and macular degeneration.
Cancer fighter Extracts from
avocados kill or stop the growth of precancerous cells that lead to oral
cancer and may have a similar effect on other cancers, according to a
recent study. Researchers credit the fruit's unique combo of nutrients--which
include folate and vitamins C and E.
Add avocado to salsa for a bigger health payoff. A study from The Ohio
State University found that people absorbed four-and-a-half times more of
the cancer-fighter lycopene from the tomatoes when avocado was added; the
healthy fats help you absorb more nutrients.
Skip the mayo, and go for creamy avocado on your sandwich, she says.. It
packs 4 grams of heart-healthy monounsaturated fat (which lowers
cholesterol), 2 grams of fiber, and 1 gram of protein per ounce, making it
a lower-fat, more-filling substitute for the white stuff.