SIBO Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth

What is SIBO? What can I do about SIBO?

SIBO causes digestive discomfortSIBO is actually an acronym for a digestive condition called  “small intestinal bacterial overgrowth,” which points to excessive bad or pathogenic bacteria in the small intestine.

Even though bacteria occurs naturally everywhere in a healthy digestive system, the small intestine is known to have relatively low levels of bacteria. The highest numbers of bacteria are usually found in the large intestine

The small intestine where the food mixes with digestive juices, and the nutrients from our food is absorbed into the bloodstream. This area of our digestive tract is the longest section. If a person suffers with SIBO or Small Intestine Bacterial Ovegrowth, nutrients are not absorbed properly causing malabsorption. This relates especially to iron as well as fat-soluble vitamins. Other symptoms, often present as well, are gas, bloating and even pain. This is often the case in people suffering with symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Small Intestinel Bacterial Overgrowth is very often treated with antibiotics. Unfortunately, although antibiotics reduce the bad bacteria overgrowth, it also kills off the good bacteria at the same time, which, in turn, depletes the necessary good bacteria.

In fact, a study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, showed that people with SIBO who were given antibiotics had a high recurrence rate and also that their gut-related symptoms increased during the recurrences.

Fortunately, a research study on herbal remedies have been found effective in treating SIBO as well. These include Oregano oil and Berberis that are mentioned in the study.

Taking a prebiotic that is known not to feed bad bacteria as well as a human strain probiotic has been shown to be extremely beneficial. Dr Jonathan Axe sites a pilot study from researchers at the Center for Medical Education and Clinical Research in Buenos Aires, Argentina, who found that probiotics have a higher efficacy rate than metronidazole for individuals with SIBO.

Dietary modification is extremely important. Follow the specific carbohydrate diet, or consider the FODMAPS or GAPS diet. Eat every 2 hours so you digest your food quickly and don’t have a lot of food sitting in your stomach at any one time resulting in damage to gastric juices. Low stomach acid is one of the main factors that result in SIBO because stomach acid kills bacteria in your upper Gastrointestinal tract.

SIBO Recommendations:

1. Genova Lab’s Breath Test (GSD5000) done at home, successfully identifies whether there is an overgrowth of bad bacteria in the small intestine or not. Once identified, take the necessary steps to resolve it.

2. Several supplements help reduce symptoms of SIBO.

  • Unlike Inulin and FOS, Partially Hydrolyzed Guar Gum PHGG is the one prebiotic that does not feed bad bacteria and may be used successfully to increase probiotic diversity. PerfectPass Prebiotic (PSN1000) is odorless and tasteless and easy to take in water.
  • PerfectPass Probotic (PSN2000) is a human strain, bacillus formula, that does survive through the stomach acid 100% of the time. It is suitable for those suffering with SIB0
  • Effective antimicrobials include Oregano oil (NHS1000), Grapeseed extract (CVR0621), Olive leaf extract (OLE1000) and Berberis (VTN2541).
  • Consider taking Proteolytic Enzymes on a regular basis in between your meals. They help repair the gut lining  (DWL1400).3 Dietary Changes

    3 D ietary changes

  • The SCD Specific Carbohydrate Diet is an excellent way to eliminate those foods that tend to feed the bad bacteria. Breaking the Vicious Cycle (GOT1000) by Elaine Gottschall will give you information as well as recipes.

  • Other diets to consider are
    FODMAPS and
    GAPS

Its All About Diet

Does Diet Really Matter?

It’s very interesting to note that the most recent Crohns and Colitis Foundation research includes finding a suitable model to be able to ‘rate’ patients with IBD on a continuum of severity so that they would not necessarily be subjected to harsh drugs if their condition was not that severe.

To me, this is the way of the future. Yes, if a person suffering with Crohns or Colitis is dangerously ill, then it would be appropriate to use immuno suppressant drug therapy. However, if it is mild, then why not start with dietary modifications and nutritional supplementation first?

Elaine Gottschall's Specific Carbohdrate Diet in "Breaking the Vicious Cycle"
Elaine Gottschall’s Specific Carbohdrate Diet in “Breaking the Vicious Cycle”

The late Elaine Gottschall remains a pioneer in her time. Imagine that she treated her daughter who had Ulcerative Colitis with diet alone so many years ago, long before we had the research and knowledge available to support her actions. The Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD) is a dietary program that has helped to create, as well as maintain, drug-free remission for thousands of people suffering with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Actually, to start off it was developed in 1951 by Dr Sidney Hass M.D., gastroenterologist and then it was later popularized by Gottschall, who was a biochemist, in her book called ‘Breaking the Vicious Cycle’.

Not only are food choices very important to those challenged with digestive issues, but healthy food choices for every one on a daily basis, affects your health. It affect how you feel today, how you feel tomorrow, and how you feel in the future.

Dr Oz is a great advocate for investigating healthy eating options. He interviews Dr Mark Hyman MD on a regular basis. Both are staunch believers in how important diet is. When you combine it with physical activity, your diet can help you reach and maintain a healthy weight, lower your risk of chronic diseases … be it digestive conditions, heart disease or cancer, ….and generally promote overall optimal health.

We know that unhealthy eating habits have led to an obesity epidemic in the United States. Did you know that about one-third of U.S. adults (33.8%) are obese and approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 2—19 years are obese? What’s more, they have found that even when people maintain a healthy weight, a poor diet can be linked to and associated with many health risks leading to illness and even death. We can name heart disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), Type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, and certain types of cancer to be included in this list. So by making good food choices, you will protect yourself from these kinds of health challenges.

In a recent study  Kakodkar, S., Mikolaitis, S., Engen, P. et al. investigated the bacterial microbiome of inflammatory bowel disease patients on the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD). Gastroenterology. 2013; 144: S552. They say

“Further evidence suggesting diet can be an effective treatment for some patients with IBD stems from the fact that diet has the potential to change the intestinal luminal environment, specifically the intestinal microbiome.  Our prior preliminary findings hint at a change in the microbiome of patients with IBD who follow the SCD. If following the SCD changes the microbiome significantly and/or reverses some of the dysbiosis reported in patients with IBD, this may be a low-cost intervention to induce and maintain remission with little or no known adverse reactions. As such, further interventional studies of SCD and diet therapies in general for IBD are urgently needed.”

Doesn’t this sound like it goes hand in hand with the thought behind the CCFA research of catogorizing patients with IBD on a continuum of severity and being able to give them a treatment plan that would, in fact, encourage their microbiome to heal?

The humans microbiome pops up as popular subject matter in journals and gut research all over the place. It’s very exciting that, literally for the first time in history, we’re finally learning enough about the properties of the human microbiome to manage treatment more completely. We now know, for example, about the importance of strain diversity. We also know which strains actually survive stomach acids. We never knew this before. We even have detailed research to show that Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidus, which are prevalent strains in most probiotic formulas, are actually contraindicated for those people who have an overgrowth of bacteria in the Small Intestine.

Genova Lab SIBO Small Intestine Bacteria Overgrowth Breath TestThat’s why I like to recommend the Genova SIBO test to my patients. It allows me to select the appropriate prebiotic and probiotic formulas as well as other supportive digestive supportive supplements for them, specifically, when the SIBO test is positive.

Steven Wright Specific Carbohydrate Diet Advocate
Steven Wright Specific Carbohydrate Diet Advocate

A few weeks ago, I listened to the ‘Healing Your Gut Summit’. They interviewed StevenWright, a staunch advocate of the SCD diet. His personal story of how he healed himself of IBS incorporating the SCD was fascinating to hear. Several doctors had diagnosed him with IBS.  He tried over the counter pills, high fiber, and different diets. His introductory diet experience with the Specific Carbohydrate Diet was successful and he saw results really fast. It took him 3 months to get through all the phases.

He gave lots of amazingly helpful tips but, above all, these were the gems that I went away with that I’d like to share with you today:

  • Learn to cook – just a little
  • Use fresh ingredients
  • You don’t need to say its a DIET – say its a lifestyle change
  • change your mind set – its not really restriction
  • look for curiosity
  • make subtle shifts in perspective

Here are some very beneficial support material that Steve has to offer:
SCD Lifestyle Free Quick Start Guide
SCD Lifestyle eBook
SCD Lifestyle Meal Plans

Signs of SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth)

Our bodies are consistently communicating with us—letting us know when it’s time to eat, sleep, use the bathroom and so on. But how often to you listen to your small intestine? Few people recognize this valuable communication from the gut, which typically occurs with gas or bloating.

A lot of people think gas and bloating are normal—a common reaction experienced after a meal. However, regular gas, bloating, or abdominal discomfort may actually be your small intestine trying to tell you something. And if you’re smart, you’ll listen.

What Is SIBO?

There are several mechanisms working within your small intestine that are significant in the process of safely absorbing food nutrients and discarding waste and toxins.

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) occurs when the number of bacteria in the small bowel increases or changes significantly enough to cause symptoms. Usually, it’s not one single stain of bacteria that overpopulates the small intestine, rather an overgrowth of bacteria that is normally found in the colon. In rare cases, SIBO may result in an overgrowth of normal bacteria found in the small intestine.

Various strains of bacteria found throughout the small bowel work to break down food compounds, protect against pathogens and produce several nutrients like folate and vitamin K. The sum of these various processes affects the muscular activity responsible for moving food content through the gastrointestinal system. If one of these mechanisms is disrupted by an overgrowth of bacteria, one or many of these processes may fail.

How Do I Know I Have SIBO?

SIBO tends to be under-diagnosed. This is because most people learn to live with the discomfort of regular gas and bloating, often aided by over-the-counter medications. Common symptoms of SIBO may include:

Serious cases may also result in weight loss and vitamin deficiencies.

What Causes SIBO?

SIBO is typically the result of a poor diet including excessive sugar, refined carbohydrates, and alcohol. However, diet is not the only contributing factor for SIBO. Other causes of SIBO may include low stomach acid, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), prior bowel surgery, excessive antibiotics and diabetes.

Genova DiagnosticsIf one or a combination of symptoms occurs fairly regularly, it may warrant further investigation. You may choose to speak to your doctor or, if you’re still unsure, take a home breath test, like the Genova Lab Bacterial Overgrowth in Small Intestine Breath Test.

This home test is a non-invasive way to detect bacterial overgrowth in the small bowel. It’s also easy to do, and it can be administered in the comfort of your own home and at your convenience.

Remember, your body may be trying to tell you that there’s a problem in your gut. Take note of your symptoms and don’t delay. Chronic discomfort, excessive gas, and bloating don’t have to be a regular part of your life. Take the home test today to find out more about what’s going on in your gut.