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Human Microbiome Facts

Here are the basic facts about the Human Microbiome.

Colorful-bacteria-live-in-human-microbiome

Since 2015 there has been a revolution in our understanding of how our digestive systems work. Why? This is due to a wealth of international research data collectively known as the Human Microbiome Project. Now we know that the human microbiome is composed of more than 500 different bacterial species. They dwell in a delicate balance among themselves and within our bodies.

The highest concentration of bacteria resides in the large intestine, or colon.

This area actually contains somewhere between 1 and 100 billion bacteria/ml of feces material. This computes to an average total content of 1,500 ml of fecal matter.

This is why the digestive microbiome is so very important for our health.

What does the intestinal human microbiome do?

  • It produces short-chain fatty acids which are the most important nourishing factor for the cells in our digestive tract.
  • It fights against pathogenic bacteria by competing with the bad bacteria and also by producing antibacterial substances like bacteriocin, H2O2, and lactic acid,
  • It produces short-chain fatty acids which are the most important nourishing factor for the cells in our digestive tract.
  • It produces certain vitamins like Vitamin B1, B6, B12, folic acid, k, pantothenic acid and more. These vitamins all play a very significant role in a variety of metabolic reactions
  • It influences the maturation of both our inborn / innate and what is referred to as our ‘adaptive’ immune responses*. In fact, 80% of the immune system is resident in the gut.

*Adaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response. The adaptive immune response is more complex than the innate. The antigen must first be processed and recognized. Then, once it has been recognized, the adaptive immune system creates an army of immune cells specifically designed to attack that antigen.

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