Colitis, a disease that’s characterized by an inflammation of the colon, can be caused by a variety of illnesses and infections. Since there is no one definitive cause, there is no single treatment that can cure the condition.
If you have this disease and are looking for an effective treatment, it will benefit you to determine what type you suffer from first. With the help of a medical professional, you should be able to get a good idea of what you’re dealing with so you can then plan for the best treatment.
The following are some of the most common causes of colitis:
Sometimes, bacteria and viruses can cause this disease. These pathogens are often foodborne and you might have experienced them if you’ve ever had “food poisoning.” E coli, salmonella, shigella, and campylobacter can all cause infectious colitis. Infectious sometimes results in dehydration and bloody diarrhea.
Parasites like giardia can also cause infectious colitis. This parasite normally enters the body when a person swallows infected water from rivers, lakes, and swimming pools. On occasion, a person who has been taking antibiotics comes down with infections because the antibiotics have destroyed friendly bacteria in the gut and allowed the bad bacteria Clostridium to flourish.
When the arteries that supply blood to the colon narrow, like other arteries in the body can, the colon can lose blood supply and become inflamed. Sometimes the bowel twists on itself, and a portion of the colon gets trapped in the abdominal wall, cutting off blood flow. Both of these situations can lead to inflammation known as ischemic colitis.
In addition to these common colitis causes, the condition is sometimes brought about by autoimmune-related issues, excessive collagen stores in the intestinal tract, and an abundance of dangerous chemicals that have built up in the colon. To find the proper treatment for you, it’s important that you speak with your doctor first to see what might be causing your ailment.