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Crohns.net Glossary

Conditions | Glossary of Terms from Crohns.net | Partner Site Links | Healthy Food Links | Acupuncture Info



A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

A

Acid Reflux Disease
Acid Reflux Disease or "GERD," are both names for the same disease and mean the same thing. See GERD
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Adaptogen
Adaptogenswork by activating the basic and vital functions of the body to help it remain healthy under unfavorable conditions, making the body able to "adapt". The Chinese described adaptogens as "superior" plants completely harmless to the body while exerting profound supportive effects.
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Amino Acids
Amino acids are the molecular units that make up proteins. All proteins are various compositions of twenty specific naturally occurring amino acids.
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Antigen
An antigen is a substance which induces the formation of antibodies. An antigen may be introduced into the body or it may be formed within the body. Examples of antigens are bacteria, bacterial toxins and foreign blood cells.
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Antioxidants
A group of vitamins, minerals, and enzymes called antioxidants that help protect our body from the formation of free radicals. Free radicals are atoms or groups of atoms that can cause damage to our cells, impairing our immune system and leading to infections and various degenerative diseases. Antioxidants work together with the body's natural free radical scavangers to eat up these free radical particles.
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Aromatherapy
It is the art and science of using oils extracted from aromatic plants to enhance health and beauty. It has been practiced in one form or other since the beginning of civilization. Apart from the physical benefits, essential oils can have subtle effects on the mind and emotions. The essential oils taken from plants and used in Aromatherapy have been described as their "life force" - i.e. they are essential to the plants' biological process, as well as being the substance that gives them their scent. Synthetic oils, even if chemically similar, will lack all the natural elements, and the vital life-force, that make essential oils so valuable therapeutically. Essential oils are extracted from flowers; herbs; spices; woods and fibers. This is done by distillation, expression and solvent extraction.
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Autism
Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. Autism and its associated behaviors have been estimated to occur in as many as 2 to 6 in 1,000 individuals (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2001). Autism is four times more prevalent in boys than girls and knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries. Autism impacts the normal development of the brain in the areas of social interaction and communication skills. Children and adults with autism typically have difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities. The disorder makes it hard for them to communicate with others and relate to the outside world. Individuals may also experience sensitivities in the five senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste.
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Arthritis
There are over 100 types of arthritis and rheumatic diseases including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and fibromyalgia. Arthritis results in damage to the joints. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS) drugs are used widely for treatment of arthritis. NSAIDs work by blocking the production of prostaglandins, which are hormone-like substances that contribute to pain and inflammation. Yet prostaglandins also have beneficial functions in the body, including protecting the stomach lining and helping to maintain kidney function. According to Arthritis Today, by blocking these actions of prostaglandins along with the inflammatory ones, traditional NSAIDs can lead to an upset stomach and peptic ulcers, or interfere with kidney function.
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B

Bacteria
There are between 2-4 pounds of bacteria in one's intestinal tract. Scientists estimate that there are more bacterial cells in your gastrointestinal tract than the entire number of cells in the rest of your body. There are two types of bacteria in our intestinal tracts: there is beneficial bacteria and pathogenic or harmful bacteria. The ratio of beneficial to harmful bacteria is perhaps the most crucial element in our health today. Researchers estimate that the average intestinal tract of a healthy individual should be approximately 85% beneficial and 15% pathogenic. While that 15% pathogenic is still in your body, it is benign when it is in the presence of the 85% beneficial bacteria. The real problem here is that the average individual, consuming the standard American diet, has the exact opposite ratio, which is 15% beneficial and 85% pathogenic.
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C

Candida/Candidiasis
Candida Albicans is a type of yeast-like fungus that inhabits the intestine, genital tract, mouth, and throat. Normally, this fungus lives in a healthy balance with the other bacteria and yeasts in the body; however, certain conditions can cause this fungus to multiply, weakening the immune system and causing an infection known as candidiasis. Because this fungus travels through the bloodstream to many parts of the body, various symptoms may develop.
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Collagenous Colitis
Collagenous Colitis is a type of bowel inflammation that affects the colon. It is a less severe form of Inflammatory Bowel Disease compared to Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis.Collagenous Colitis is most often diagnosed in people 60 to 80 years old. However, there have been diagnosis in children and in adults younger than 45 years old. Collagenous Colitis is diagnosed more often in women than men. Collagenous Colitis shows an irregularly large band of protein, known as collagen, inside the lining of the colon. The bands vary in thickness; so tissue samples from multiple areas of the colon may need to be examined.
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Colostrum
Colostrum is the fluid manufactured by the body prior to the production of mother's milk during the first 24-48 hours after birth. Research has shown that Colostrum has powerful life-supporting immune and growth factors that insure the health and vitality of the newborn. It brings the body into a natural state of equilibrium called "homeostasis"', vital to health and well being. While supporting healthy immune function, Colostrum also enables us to resist the harmful effects of pollutants, contaminants and allergens. In addition, the growth factors in Colostrum enhance the ability of a healthy organism to burn fat, build lean muscle mass and rejuvenate skin and cellular structure.
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Constipation
Constipation is passage of small amounts of hard, dry bowel movements, usually fewer than three times a week. People who are constipated may find it difficult and painful to have a bowel movement. Constipation is the most common gastrointestinal complaint in the United States, resulting in about 2 million annual visits to the doctor.
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D

Fiber
Dietary Fiber is indigestible complex carbohydrate found in plants. It is not a single food or substance. Fiber in itself has no calories because it cannot be absorbed. Therefore, high fiber foods are low in fat and low in calories too. E.g. fruits and vegetables. Fiber can be divided into two categories according to their physical characteristics and effects on the body: Water insoluble and water soluble. Each form functions differently and provides different health benefits. Insoluble fibers do not dissolve in water. Examples are Fruits, vegetables, dried beans, wheat bran, seeds, popcorn, brown rice, and whole grain products such as breads, cereals, and pasta. Soluble fibers, such as gum and pectin, do dissolve in water. Examples of Soluble Fiber are fruits such as apples, oranges, pears, peaches, and grapes; vegetables, seeds, oat bran, dried beans, oatmeal, barley and rye. Prunes are also high in soluble fiber. Top of Page

E

Enzymes
Enzymes are found in all living plant and animal matter and are essential for maintaining the proper functioning of the body. Enzymes play a role in virtually every activity of the body including digesting of food and the repair of tissue. Scientists are unable to manufacture enzymes, which are made up of proteins, synthetically. While the body manufactures a supply of enzymes, it can also obtain enzymes from food. Cooked foods will be depleted of all enzymes since enzymes are extremely sensitive to heat. If one does not eat sufficient quantities of raw foods or use supplemental enzymes it is likely that undue strain will be put on the body making it susceptible to cancer, obesity, cardiovascular disease and a host of other illnesses.
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EFAs - Essential Fatty Acids
Fatty acids are the building blocks of fats. Some fatty acids are "essential" because we need them to live, yet we cannot manufacture our own. Of the hundreds of different fatty acids found in nature, 20 of them are common in human foods, and two are essential to human health. These two are therefore called Essential Fatty Acids. Other fatty acids are manufactured by the body and so even though they are needed by the body for health, they are not labeled as "essential".
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Esophagus
It is commonly called the "food pipe", it is a narrow muscular tube, about nine and a half inches long, that begins below the tongue and ends at the stomach. It consists of an outer layer of fibrous tissue, a middle layer containing smoother muscle, and an inner membrane, which contains numerous tiny glands. It has muscular sphincters at both its upper and lower ends. The upper sphincter relaxes to allow passage of swallowed food that is then propelled down the esophagus into the stomach by the wave-like peristaltic contractions of the esophageal muscles. There is no protective mucosal layer, so problems can arise when digestive acids reflux into the esophagus from the stomach.
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F

Fat Soluble Vitamins
Fat soluble vitamins are found in meats, liver, dairy, egg yolks, vegetable seed oils, and leafy green vegetables. Some foods such as milk and margarine are often artificially fortified with vitamins A and D. These vitamins are metabolized along with fat in the body and require fat for absorption in the gut. The fat-soluble vitamins may be stored in large amounts, and this gives them the potential to cause toxicity if consumed in high amounts. Deficiencies are rare in adults but may be seen in children.
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Fermented Food
Fermented food is food that is prepared involving a step where micro-organisms (or enzymes) alter the properties of the food, e.g., yogurt or bread. The purpose of fermenting food is often to get a better taste or texture, but one important reason is that it keeps better when fermented. Research has shown that fermentation can inhibit pathogenic bacteria that otherwise could cause digestive complaints like diarrhea
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Fungus/Fungal Forms
A common fungus that is parasitic and yeast like is Candida Albicans. It inhabits the intestines, genital tract, mouth, esophagus, and throat. In normal situations, this fungus lives in a healthy balance with other bacteria and yeasts with your body. However, under certain conditions it can multiply and weaken the immune system, causing an infection known as candidiasis. Because it can affect many parts of the body, (mouth, ears, nose, gastrointestinal tract, vagina) many symptoms can occur. These can include constipation, diarrhea, colitis, stomach pain, headaches, bad breath, rectal itching, impotence, memory loss, mood swings, prostatitis, canker sores, nagging cough, muscle and joint pain, acne, PMS, clogged sinuses, burning tongue, white spots on the tongue, fatigue, vaginitis, kidney and bladder infections, arthritis, depression, hypertension, and even diabetes. When candida infects the vagina, it results in vaginitis, which is exhibited by a large amount of white, discharge and intense itching and burning. This is one of the most common forms of candidiasis. Oral thrush in an infant can spread to the mother's nipples during breastfeeding which can lead to continual infection of each other. Candida can also take the form of athlete's foot or jock itch. Candidiasis can affect both men and women, however it is rarely transmitted sexually. It is most common in babies and in persons with a weakened immune system. Often, allergies to foods are present in persons with candida infections.
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G

Gas
Gas is made primarily of odorless vapors; carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, and sometimes methane. The unpleasant odor of flatulence comes from bacteria in the large intestine that release small amounts of gases that contain sulfur. Gas in the digestive tract (that is, the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine) comes from two sources: swallowed air or normal breakdown of certain undigested foods by harmless bacteria naturally present in the large intestine. Burping, or belching, is the way most swallowed air--which contains nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide--leaves the stomach. The remaining gas moves into the small intestine where it is partially absorbed. A small amount travels into the large intestine for release through the rectum. Use of Digestive Enzymes with and between meals will often alleviate symptoms
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GERD
Acid Reflux Disease or "GERD," are both names for the same disease and mean the same thing. GERD is simply short for Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease. Acid reflux disease can interfere with your lifestyle, disrupt your sleep, and have you worrying about long-term damage. There are several symptoms. The primary one is heartburn - the painful, burning sensation in your chest. (Some people report chest pains, mistaking heartburn for a heart attack.) Other signs and symptoms can include difficulty swallowing that may make even a favorite meal hard to get down. There is also belching and regurgitation. In some people, the regurgitation of acid can also damage tooth enamel. Some people also have symptoms that resemble other respiratory conditions, such as sore throat, wheezing, chronic coughing, and hoarseness.
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H

Heartburn
Heartburn is a common condition that's caused by stomach acid backing up into the esophagus. The pain is often described as a burning feeling, rising from the stomach into the chest. Heartburn is sometimes described as food coming back in the mouth, leaving an acid or bitter taste. Heartburn has nothing to do with your heart. It occurs when the lining of the esophagus - the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach - is exposed to acid from the stomach, causing irritation. As many as 33% to 44% of Americans experience heartburn at least once a month and up to 13% of Americans have heartburn each day. The likelihood of having heartburn increases with age and among women who are pregnant. Having heartburn every once in a while is something almost everyone experiences. If your heartburn occurs 2 or more days per week, despite treatment and diet change, it can be a sign of a more serious problem called acid reflux disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease, also known as GERD. .
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HGH - Human Growth Hormone
Human Growth Hormone (HGH) is made by the pituitary gland, but after about age 30 to 35, there is a large loss of hormone production and we begin to lose our youthfulness. With age HGH production declines because there is a progressive loss of the ability to regulate cell-to-cell signaling within this system. HGH supplementation strengthens cell signaling with easily accessed, bio-available signals. This is not only a safe approach, it also supports your body's natural processes. HGH helps deliver to our cells the raw materials needed for repair and renovation. The benefits of human growth hormone (hGH) supplementation for deficient or partially deficient adults are clearly documented in the medical literature from Harvard University, Mayo Clinic, and many other prestigious institutions.
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Hiatal Hernia
Hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach moves up into the chest through a small opening in the diaphragm (a diaphragmatic hiatus). This is a common problem and most people are not bothered by it. A hernia may allow stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus ("food pipe"), where it can cause problems. The most common symptom is burning in the chest (heartburn), especially at night when lying down. Other possible signs include burping and trouble swallowing.
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HSOs™ (Homeostatic Soil Organisms)
HSOs are a proprietary probiotic formula developed exclusively for Garden of Life™ HSO's are unique in that they are naturally occurring colony arrays of beneficial microbes, which have been un mutated or hybridized from the original cultures found in their native and pristine environment. Designed to implant in any colonic environment, HSOs are impervious to stomach acids, digestive enzymes, changes in temperature or pH levels.
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Homeopathic Medicine
Homeopathic medicine is a natural pharmaceutical science that uses various plants, minerals or animals in very small dose to stimulate the sick person's natural defenses. The medicines are individually chosen for their ability to cause in overdose the similar symptoms the person is experiencing. "Homoios" in Greek means similar and "pathos" means disease or suffering. Since one's symptoms are actually efforts of the organism to reestablish homeostasis or balance, it is logical to seek a substance that would, in overdose, cause the similar symptoms the person is experiencing.
More about Homeopathic Medicine|
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I



Indigestion
Indigestion is a vague feeling of abdominal discomfort. There is often a feeling of fullness, accompanied by belching, bloating and possibly nausea. It is rarely a serious health problem, unless it is accompanied by other symptoms. This common problem may be triggered by eating particular foods or after drinking wine or carbonated drinks. It may also be caused by eating too fast or overeating. Some people may find that spicy foods, high-fiber foods, fatty foods, or too much caffeine can all aggravate the problem. Symptoms may also be worsened by anxiety and depression. Indigestion is also known as dyspepsia.
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J



Junk food
Junk food is a slang word for foods with limited nutritional value. Every person has their own list of foods that they call junk foods. This usually includes foods that are high in salt, sugar, fat or calories and low nutrient content. Salted snack foods, candy, gum, most sweet desserts, fried fast food and carbonated beverages are some of the major junk foods. Generally speaking, they offer little in terms of protein, vitamins or minerals and lots of calories from sugar or fat. The term "empty calories" reflects the lack of nutrients. If you are looking to cut down on junk food, cut down your intake of salt, sugar, fat and refined foods. Choose your calories by the nutrient content instead.
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K



Klebsiella
Klebsiella bacteria are a part of normal life and live inside almost all of us. Although it is something we generally don’t know, we need Klebsiella in our colon to keep us healthy. Unfortunately, once Klebsiella escapes the gut, it can be one nasty bacteria. As a general rule, Klebsiella infections tend to occur in people with a weakened immune system. Many of these infections may be obtained when a person is in the hospital for some other reason. The most common infection caused by Klebsiella bacteria outside the hospital is pneumonia. Klebsiella pneumonia tends to affect people with underlying diseases, such as alcoholism, diabetes and chronic lung disease. Classically, Klebsiella pneumonia causes a severe, rapid-onset illness that often causes areas of destruction in the lung.
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L

Lactose Intolerance
Lactose intolerance is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders, estimated to affect more than 50 million Americans. This condition arises from an enzyme (lactase) deficiency in the gut. Without adequate amounts of lactase, the digestive system is unable to properly break down and absorb lactose, the main sugar in milk and dairy products. When this happens, lactose is fermented by bacteria in the colon, causing symptoms of bloating, diarrhea, flatulence, and abdominal cramps. Misdiagnosis of lactose intolerance often occurs because its primary symptoms often overlap with those of other conditions. Clinical evidence indicates that as many as 70% of lactose intolerant patients do not relate their symptoms to lactose ingestion.
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Leaky Gut Syndrome
Leaky Gut Syndrome is not a disease but an intestinal dysfunction that can underlie many different illnesses and symptoms. Over time, leaky gut syndrome contributes to the development of food allergies, and to irritable-bowel syndrome, Crohn's diseases, ulcerative colitis, and yeast overgrowth. Other seemingly unrelated problems can also have leaky gut as their source. These include migraines, chronic fatigue syndrome, eczema, psoriasis and various kinds of arthritis.
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Lycopene
Lycopene is an open-chain unsaturated carotenoid that imparts red colour to tomatoes, guava, rosehip, watermelon and pink grapefruit. Lycopene is a proven antioxidant. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals, which may damage the body's cells. In the body, Lycopene is deposited in the liver, lungs, prostate gland, colon and skin. Its concentration in body tissues tends to be higher than all other carotenoids. Perfect Food contains Lycopene.
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Lymphocytic Colitis
Lymphocytic Colitis is a type of bowel inflammation that affects the colon. It is a less severe form of Inflammatory Bowel Disease compared to Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis. With Lymphocytic Colitis, tissue samples are characterized by an increase of white blood cells, known as lymphocytes, between the cells lining the colon.
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M

Malabsorption
Malabsorption means the body is not properly absorbing nutrients from foods. It leads to malnutrition because the body does not receive the nutrients (vitamins, minerals, proteins, sugars, fats, etc) that it requires. Most of these nutrients are absorbed through the small intestine. Malnutrition can result when a person does not enough food or calories; when a person eats enough food but cannot absorb the nutrients; or when a person eats enough food or calories, but foods that contain little nutrients (such as candy).
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Malnutrition
A condition is caused by inadequate intake or inadequate digestion of nutrients. It may result from eating an imbalanced diet, digestive problems or absorption problems.
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Minerals
Vitamins cannot be assimilated without the aid of minerals. While the body can manufacture a few vitamins, it cannot manufacture any mineral. All tissues and internal fluids of our body contain varying quantities of minerals. Minerals are constituents of the bones, teeth, soft tissue, muscle, blood, and nerve cells. They are vital to overall mental and physical well-being. They act as catalysts for many biological reactions in the body, like muscle response, the transmission of messages through the nervous system, the production of hormones, digestion, and the use of nutrients in foods.
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N

NSAIDs - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatories
NSAIDs include pain relievers and other over-the-counter drugs such as Advil, Naprosyn, Motrin and ibuprofen as well as many prescription arthritis medicines such as Voltaren, Feldene, Lodine and Relafen. There are natural alternatives that do not harm the digestive tract.
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O

Obesity and Weight Gain
Often obesity is just one part of a much larger clinical picture of interrelated imbalances inside the body. Besides poor diet and overeating, there are a variety of physiological dysfunctions that can lead to increased fat production and other sources of weight gain. Thyroid hormone imbalances can slow the body's metabolic rate, promoting an increased tendency to put on weight. The adrenal hormones cortisol and DHEA play a major role in the body's fat production, and imbalances may even trigger episodes of binge eating. Fluctuating blood sugar levels can lead to increased food cravings, while insulin is directly tied to an individual's degree of body fat. Many people are unaware that weight gain can be the result of a hidden food allergy. Obesity affects much more than a person's appearance and sense of self-esteem. It also represents a serious health risk for a wide range of illnesses and diseases.
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Osteo-Arthritis
Osteo-arthritis is a degenerative joint disease, and is one of the oldest and most common types of arthritis. It is characterized by the breakdown of the joint's cartilage.
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P

Parasites
Parasites are opportunistic critters. Any flaw or weakness in our defense systems is an open invitation to invasion. The best line of defense against parasitic infection is a strong, healthy immune system. A number of seemingly unrelated factors unique to the late twentieth century have contributed to the unrestrained parasite epidemic. Testing for parasites in the stool is very helpful.
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Phytosterols and Sterolins
Plant (phyto) sterols and sterolins are plant "fats" present in all fruits and vegetables. They are biologically active molecules isolated from plants called "phytochemicals" that have been clinically proven to significantly modulate the effects of the immune system. Following ingestion, sterols are found in the tissues of healthy people. The sterolins (glucosides) "activate" the sterols. Both are needed and work together to enhance immune function. Without sterols and sterolins in our diet, the immune system may become too stressed to produce enough invader fighting T-cells or may over produce cells responsible for the autoimmune response. A stressed or compromised immune system can lead to the following health challenges: frequent colds or flu, herpes (cold sores) outbreaks, allergies, chronic and continual fatigue, candida yeast overgrowth, painful joints and muscles, parasitic infections, psoriasis and eczema, and inflammatory disorders. Some of the richest sources of sterols and sterolins are found in seeds. Organic seeds, the embryonic life force of plants, contain vital immune enhancing factors used by the world's healthiest cultures for thousands of years.
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The Poten-Zyme Process(Potentiation by Enzymatic activation)
The Poten-Zyme proprietary process is an exclusive natural process of lacto-fermentation and enzymatic predigestion within a matrix of carefully selected whole foods. The bio-fermentation process uses 14 strains of beneficial micro-organisms to gently break down foods into their most basic elements. Poten-Zyme neutralizes any nutrient inhibitors found in foods such as phytates in soy and gluten in grains.

Many people with sensitive digestive systems have a tough time obtaining nutrition from these sometimes difficult to digest foods. Poten-Zyme solves that problem. It creates and liberates valuable compounds within the foods including: enzymes, antioxidants, beta glucans, phytosterols and many others. Poten-Zyme enhances the nutritional value of the food while making it much easier to digest. The bioavailability and absorption of nutrients using this unique process may be increased from 2-5 times.
More: The Miracle of Poten-Zyme |Top of Page

Probiotics
The word probiotic is derived from the Greek meaning "for life." Probiotics are beneficial bacteria. Resident beneficial bacteria live the intestine. Probiotics may also be derived from the soil. These probiotics differ from those found in the digestive tract as they are very hardy, not destroyed by stomach acids and are transitory in the digestive tract. While they are present in the gut, they clear out receptor sites and assist in eliminating pathogenic organisms like yeast and fungi, bacteria and parasites. Probiotic bacteria help digest lactose, regulate peristalsis and bowel movements, and digest protein to free amino acids. In addition, probiotics produce enzymes that help break down and digest food.
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Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease that generally appears as patches of raised red skin covered by a flaky white buildup. Although the exact cause is unknown, psoriasis is thought to be related to faulty signals sent by the body's immune system. These signals accelerate the growth cycle in skin cells, which pile up on the surface when the body can't shed them fast enough. Psoriasis is not contagious-no one can "catch" it from another person. It has a genetic component that makes certain people more likely to develop it, but often an external or environmental "trigger" is necessary to make psoriasis appear. These triggers may include emotional stress, injury to the skin, some types of infection and reaction to certain drugs. There are several other types of psoriasis, and between 10 percent and 30 percent of people with psoriasis also develop a related form of arthritis, called psoriatic arthritis.
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Q

Quinoa
Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa), and is a grain that comes from the Andes Mountains of South America. Quinoa's origins are truly ancient. It was one of the three staple foods, along with corn and potatoes, of the Inca civilization. Quinoa was known then, and still is known, with respect, as the mother grain. Quinoa contains more protein than any other grain; an average of 16.2 percent, compared with 7.5 percent for rice, 9.9 percent for millet, and 14 percent for wheat. Some varieties of quinoa are more than 20 percent protein. Quinoa's protein is of an unusually high quality. It is a complete protein, with an essential amino acid balance close to the ideal. Its protein is high in lysine, methionine and cystine. This makes it an excellent food to combine with, and boost the protein value of, other grains (which are low in lysine), or soy (which is low in methionine and cystine). Quinoa is an excellent source of nutrition for infants and children.
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R

Regional Enteritis
This is another term used for Crohns disease or regional ileitis. It is a chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea, accompanied by abdominal pain, nausea, fever and weight loss.
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Relaxation Response
The term coined by Dr Herbert Benson MD that refers to a physical state of deep rest that regulates the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Regular elicitation of the relaxation response has been scientifically proven to be an effective treatment for a wide range of stress-related disorders.
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S

Spastic Colon
Spastic colon is also known as Irritable Bowel Syndrome, or IBS. Irritable bowel syndrome is a collection of symptoms, usually involving a change in bowel habits, abdominal pain, and excessive gas. There is no identifiable cause of IBS, although symptoms may be aggravated with stress. Natural probiotics are known to help alleviate the symptoms of spastic colon.
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SCD - Specific Carbohydrate Diet
The Specific Carbohydrate Diet is based on the principle that specifically selected carbohydrates, requiring minimal digestive processes, are well absorbed and leave virtually none to be used for furthering microbial overgrowth in the intestine. The Specific Carbohydrate Diet as outlined in "Breaking the Vicious Cycle" by Elaine Gottschall B.A.,M.Sc., a biochemist and cell biologist, has been proven in thousands of instances, by countless testimonies, to provide relief for forms of bowel disease, including indigestion, a "nervous stomach", chronic diarrhea or spastic colon, to the more serious and debilitating problems such as Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn's disease, Diverticulitis, Celiac and Cystic Fibrosis.
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Stress
Stress is a term used to define the body's automatic physiologic reaction to circumstances that require behavioral adjustments. Confronted by a threat - physical or emotional, real or imagined - the hypothalamus causes the sympathetic nervous system to release epinephrine and norepinephrine (also known as adrenaline and noradrenaline) and other related hormones. When released into the body, these messengers propel you into a state of arousal (your metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate and muscle tension all increase). This is known as the fight-or-flight response as named by Walter B. Cannon, M.D., of the Harvard Medical School at the turn of the last century.
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T

Toxic Colon
Toxicity in the Colon is also referred to as Indican Colon toxicity. It is caused by poor digestion, constipation, exposure to excessive chemicals in the water, food, and air, or drugs, yeast/candida, parasites or abnormal flora in the gut. Partially digested food may directly enter the blood, causing allergic food reactions. Undigested food may never be utilized by the body, instead it may decompose (rot) in the colon producing highly toxic substances which are then reabsorbed into the blood. This toxicity can present symptoms ranging from gas, diarrhea, constipation, bad breath, bloating, weight gain, allergies, asthma, arthritis, headaches, skin conditions, nervous system problems, and colon toxicity which may be associated with low back pain and sciatica.
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U

Ulcers (Digestive, Peptic)
A (peptic) ulcer refers to a sore on the lining of the stomach or duodenum, which is the beginning of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers are common: One in 10 Americans develops an ulcer at some time in his or her life. One cause of a peptic ulcer is bacterial infection, but some ulcers are caused by long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), like aspirin and ibuprofen.
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UltraZorbe™ Caplet Delivery System (Ultra-absorption)
The UltraZorbe caplet delivery system is a revolutionary technology whereby all nutrients and ingredients retain their maximum nutritive content, viability, and "live" food properties. The UltraZorbe caplet delivery system accomplishes this without the use of heat, animal products, traditional binders, fillers, or excipients. UltraZorbe caplets are designed to provide rapid disintegration and dissolution, and thus deliver the desired nutrients in the most efficient and effective time frame possible.
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V

Vitamins
All natural vitamins are organic food substances found only in living things, ie plants and animals. Generally speaking, the body cannot manufacture or synthesize vitamins. They must be supplied in the diet or in dietary supplements. Vitamins are essential to the normal functioning of our bodies. They are necessary for our growth, vitality, and general well-being. Vitamins cannot replace food. Vitamins cannot be assimilated without ingesting food. Vitamins help regulate metabolism, help convert fat and carbohydrates into energy, and assist in forming bone and tissue.
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W

Well Being
This refers to a contented state of being happy, healthy and prosperous. It can be simply defined as the individual's current evaluation of their happiness. Such an evaluation is often expressed in terms like "I feel good". There is a sense of life purpose and satisfaction. There is a sense of underlying harmony.
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X

Y

Yeast
Millions of people of all ages and both sexes are troubled by yeast-connected disorders. Complaints range from fatigue, headache and depression in adults to ear problems, hyperactivity, attention deficit and autism in children. Many other chronic health problems are also related to the common yeast Candida albicans. These include; PMS, Sexual dysfunction, Asthma, Psoriasis, Digestive and urinary problems, Multiple sclerosis and Muscle pain. If you crave sweets, feel sick all over, have taken many antibiotics or have seen many physicians and have not found help, your health problems may be yeast connected.
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Z

Zinc
Zinc has numerous functions in the body. This mineral serves as a cofactor for over 100 enzymes in the body, especially those involved with the metabolism of protein, carbohydrate, fat and alcohol. Zinc also is essential for protein synthesis, integrity of cell membranes, maintenance of DNA and RNA, tissue growth and repair, wound healing, taste acuity, prostaglandin production, bone mineralization, proper thyroid function, blood clotting and cognitive functions. Considering this nutrient's role in growth and development, zinc is an integral mineral for fetal development and sperm production. More than half of the body's zinc supply is found in muscle tissue. This mineral is also found in other parts of the body, which include the bones, eyes, prostate gland, testes, skin and kidneys. Since minerals may compete for absorption sites in the intestine, excess intakes of iron or copper can adversely interfere with zinc absorption. Likewise, excess intake of zinc (from supplements or fortified foods) can impair iron and copper absorption. Although phytates and fiber found in unprocessed grains inhibit the bioavailability of zinc, whole grains are still a better source of zinc than that found in refined grains (e.g. white bread). Whole grain yeast breads enhance the absorption of zinc by producing enzymes that destroy phytates. Zinc from meat products, on the other hand, is four times more bioavailable than that found in fibrous grain foods. The body best absorbs smaller amounts of zinc at one time.
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